Results of the minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting angiographic patency study

Read at the 93rd Annual Meeting of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Minneapolis, Minnesota, May 4-8, 2013.

In a 5-year study conducted by the Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, researchers have concluded that minimally invasive bypass surgery is “safe, feasible, and associated with excellent outcomes.” The original findings of the study are shown below.

Objective
Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting is safe and widely applicable, and may be associated with fewer transfusions and infections, and better recovery than standard coronary artery bypass grafting. However, graft patency rates remain unknown. The Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Patency Study prospectively evaluated angiographic graft patency 6 months after minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting.

Methods
In this dual-center study, 91 patients were prospectively enrolled to undergo minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting via a 4- to 7-cm left thoracotomy approach. The left internal thoracic artery, the ascending aorta for proximal anastomoses, and all coronary targets were directly accessed without endoscopic or robotic assistance. The study primary outcome was graft patency at 6 months, using 64-slice computed tomography angiography. Secondary outcomes included conversions to sternotomy and major adverse cardiovascular events (Clinical Trial Registration Unique identifier: NCT01334866).

Results
The mean age of patients was 64 ± 8 years, the mean ejection fraction was 51% ± 11%, and there were 10 female patients (11%) in the study. Surgeries were performed entirely off-pump in 68 patients (76%). Complete revascularization was achieved in all patients, and the median number of grafts was 3. There was no perioperative mortality, no conversion to sternotomy, and 2 reopenings for bleeding. Transfusion occurred in 24 patients (26%). The median length of hospital stay was 4 days, and all patients were followed to 6 months, with no mortality or major adverse cardiovascular events. Six-month computed tomography angiographic graft patency was 92% for all grafts and 100% for left internal thoracic artery grafts.

Conclusions
Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting is safe, feasible, and associated with excellent outcomes and graft patency at 6 months post-surgery.

Link to study: http://www.jtcvsonline.org/article/S0022-5223%2813%2901093-3/abstract

© 2013 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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